In Chile, while awaiting approval of your temporary residence visa, you can remain in the country without needing to renew your tourist visa
The standard process for obtaining Chilean nationality through temporary residence visa takes five years and consist of the following process:
Obtaining a temporary residence permit with a term of 1 year (permit) .If you have a temporary residence visa in Chile, you must spend at least 185 days in the country in order to get the permanent residence. After 1 year with a temporary residence Visa, you can request for permanent residence in Chile. The status is permanent residence visa and does NOT have any time limitations, the very same certificate of permanent residence is issued for 20 years. You can stay outside Chile fore more than 1 year, but you will need to justify the reasons of not going to Chile in the Consulate of Chile.
After 5 years of having got the permanent resident visa, you can apply for citizenship in Chile. Very important, for you to apply for the citizenship by residence you must live at least 185 days annually.